Many countries are democratic countries. These are countries where a president or leaders are selected by elections and where many laws are approved by the population. This means all the people of the country have a say in what goes on in the country. As all people are unable to voice their opinions, they elect a figurehead who does this for them. Although many countries consider democracy an advantage, there are many pros and cons to this way of governing. This essay is about some of the pros and cons of democracy.
One of the pros of democracy is that as the people elect a figurehead to represent them, they are also able to remove unpopular or ineffective leaders who do not represent the people in the proper manner. For example, if the people elect a president, and he or she is not doing his or her job properly or cheating the people of money, the people have the right to have another election and re-elect another person who will do the job in the right way. As a leader is also elected for a particular period – 2 -3 years in some countries – the public have the ability to re-elect another representative to lead them when this period expires, and if the representative has not pleased the public.
Democracy also promotes better performance where the representative is concerned. For example, because the elected representative wishes to remain in the government for his or her term or more, the representative tries to please the public by granting all the wishes of the public. For example, if the public wishes for better transport facilities or better health care facilities, the representative in the government will do his or her utmost to see to these factors so that the public is pleased with the tasks done.
Democracy, although advantageous in some ways, is also disadvantageous in others. For example, getting the masses to understand and agree to the decisions can be costly and time-consuming. Plus the public can be influenced, up to a point, by media and other methods. The media plays a significant role in influencing the public on the selection of the right candidates. This can tip the scales when it comes to presidential elections. The public also votes not for their conscience but for what they can get by benefits, employments and entitlements. This way, the country does not prosper by means of a democracy.
An elected member of parliament has two jobs to do. One is to do what the public wants him to do. The other is to ensure he get re-elected in the next election. Often, the second task stands in the way of the Member of Parliament doing the first.
Although a democracy is, most often, a good thing as it enables the public to get an effective answer by the government, it can also be disadvantageous as most decisions made by the public and the governments are not for the gain and good of the country, but for the good and gain of the people only. In this way, a democracy is not a good thing.
There are always pros and cons for various factors when it comes to governing a country. However, if the people and the government are careful about their decisions and do what is best for the country, it can make a significant step towards the progress of the country.