Japanese Shoguns

Question Answer
Historians divide Japanese history before the modern era into two separate periods. What years did the ancient period occur between? 400-1185AD
Historians divide Japanese history before the modern era into two separate periods. What years did the medieval period occur between? 1185-1868AD
How long is Japan approximately in length? 2300 kilometres
How many main islands make up Japan? 4
The four Main islands of Japan from north to south are… Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku & Kyushu
which of the four main Islands of Japan is the largest? Honshu
Are the Japanese islands flat or mountainous? mountainous
What is Japans highest mountain Mt. Fuji 3776 metres high
Japan is situated on the ring of ____? fire
mount Fuji was active during the medieval period. when did it last erupt? 1707
Because of the mountainous terrain only a small percentage of land is suitable for farming crops such as rice. what else do they supplement their diet with? fish
what was the approximate population during the Japanese medieval period? 12 million
A group of people who lived in Japan around 3000BC. they lived mostly in the east and south of Japan and pottery, stone weapons and sunken dwellings show evidence of their existence. Jamon
A group of people who lived in Japan around 3000BC and still exist today. The men generally grow long bushy beards and have white skin. Ainu
Nihon Shoki is the name of what goddess Sun
What is a deity? a god
what does divine right mean? to rule on behalf of heaven
what does Samurai mean? those who serve
A large rural estate that were free from taxes and administration. Shoen
these people were often one of the hereditary military governors of Japan from 1192 to 1867. shogun
These people were the military nobility of medieval and early-modern Japan. Samurai
semi nomadic people who conquered all of China and their empire extended as far as Iran and Russia. They failed to conquer Japan mongols
a very strong wind typhoon
what did the Japanese believe was sent from heaven to protect them from the mongol invasion in 1281? a divine wind
The Japanese refer to a divine wind as… Kamikaze
during World War 2 many Japanese fighter pilots flew their planes into US and Australian Naval ships in order to sink or damage them. what did they refer to this maneuver as? Kamikaze
A garden that is devoid of water and has carefully placed rocks and sand that is raked. Zen Garden
the word Shinto means… way of the Gods
according to the Shinto religion what is the source of all life in nature? Kami
what was a samurai's most prized possession? his sword
Zen Buddhism emphasizes what? importance of self
what do Japanese call the moment of enlightenment or 'the flash of truth?' Satori
Bushido was the warrior code for what type of people? samurai
what was the most important principle of the religion Bushido? loyalty
name all the social classes on the Japanese Feudal chart. Emperor, shogun, daimyo, samurai, peasants, artisans, merchants, eta, hinin
how many swords can a samurai carry? two
why were merchants seen as the lowest form of social class? because they created nothing and were seen s living off the work of others.
why were peasants so high up in the feudal system? because they were relied upon for their resources such as rice and straw ropes or bags.
why was the artisans/craftspersons lives more secure than the peasants? because the peasants crops could fail and they may starve. whereas the artisans were guaranteed a wage and market for their goods or services.
A group or Series of islands archipelago
Large masses of rock whose movements cause earthquakes tectonic plates
Japan lies on the edge of the Eurasian tectonic plate and the the meeting place of two other plates. Movement of these plates causes what natural disasters? Earthquakes
Who was at the top of the Japanese Feudal chart ? Emperor
If the Emperor was just a figurehead or symbolic leader, then who was the real leader of Japan? Shogun
Who was at the bottom of the Japanese Feudal chart? Hinin
If the Hinin were considered non-people and the eta were outcasts, then who were the lost rank on the feudal chart that were recognised people of society? Merchants
Shogun Japan was divided into a series of social classes. What were these social classes known in Japanese as – shi-no-ko-sho
Shogun Japan's social class system was called “shi-no-ko-sho”. What did this mean? warrior, peasant, craftsperson/artisans, merchant
What roles were classified as 'Shi'? Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai
What roles were classified as 'no'? Peasants
What roles were classified as 'ko'? Craftsperson/ artisian
What roles were classified as 'Sho'? merchant
There were two roles even lower than a merchant on the feudal chart. what are they called? Eta & Hinin
These people were outcasts. They made a living handling ritually unclean products like animal skins for leather, or worked as laborers carrying out the distasteful work of garbage collection and burial of the dead. What are they called? Eta
These people lived outside the rank system altogether. They were regarded as non-people and often survived by begging. Wandering priests, actors and mime artists also had a low position in society. What are they called? Hinin
Masterless Samurai were referred to as… Ronin