Chapter 16

Term Definition
Complaint a formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought
Summons a notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or a charge
Discovery process by which attorneys have opportunity to check facts and gather evidence
Settlement in a legal case, the amount of money the defendant agrees to pay the plaintiff
Prosecution party who starts the legal proceedings against another party for violation of the law
Crime an act that breaks a law and causes harm to people or a society in general
Penal Code a state's written criminal laws
Parole to grant a prisoner an early release from prison, with certain restrictions
Mandatory Sentencing punishment that judges must impose according to what the law directs
Arraignment a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or not guilty
Testimony the statement a witness makes under oath
Cross-Examine to question a witness at trial or a hearing to check or discredit the testimony
Acquittal a vote of not guilty
Hung Jury a jury that can not agree on a verdict
Juvenile a person not yet legally an adult
Juvenile Delinquent a child or teenager who commits a serious crime or repeatedly breaks the law
Rehabilitate to correct a person's behavior